| || Morning
and Evening Prayers
1. Luther's Morning Prayer
We give thanks unto thee, heavenly father, through Jesus Christ
thy dear Son, that thou has protected us through the night from
all danger and harm; and we ask thee to preserve and keep us, this
day also, from all sin and evil; that in all our thoughts, words,
and deeds, we may serve and praise thee. Into thy hands we commend
our bodies and souls, and all that is ours. Let they holy angel
have charge concerning us, that the wicked one has no power over
us. Amen. (11)
2. Luther's Evening Prayer
We give thanks unto thee, heavenly Father, through
Jesus Christ, thy dear son, that thou has this day so graciously
protected us, and we ask thee to forgive us all our sins, and the
wrong which we have done, and by thy great mercy defend us from
all the perils and dangers of this night. Into thy hand we commend
our bodies and souls, and all that is ours. Let thy holy angel have
charge concerning us, that the wicked one has no power over us.
3. Melanchthon's Morning Prayer
Almighty, eternal God, Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,
Creator of heaven and earth and man, together with thy Son, our
Lord Jesus Christ, thy Word and Image, and with thy Holy Spirit:
Have mercy upon us and forgive us our sins for thy Son's sake, whom
thou has made our Mediator according to thy wonderful counsels,
and do thou guide and sanctify us by thy Holy Spirit, who has poured
out upon the apostles. Grant that we may truly know and praise thee
throughout eternity! Amen. (3)
4. Prayer for the Morning
We render unto thee, O heavenly Father, most hearty
thanks, by thy dear Son Jesus Christ, that this night past thou
has granted of thy fatherly goodness to preserve us from all evil,
and to give our bodies rest and sleep: We now most entirely ask
thee that, as thou has raised up our bodies from sleep, so that
likely though will deliver our minds from the sleep of sin, and
from the darkness of this world; that we, walking the light of thy
blessed Word, may do only that which is pleasant in thy sight, profitable
to our neighbors, and healthful to our souls. Amen. (21)
5. Calvin's Morning Prayer
Grant that we may hear thy voice in the morning,
since we have hoped in thee. Show us the way in which we should
walk, since we have lifted our souls unto thee. Deliver us from
our enemies, O Lord; we have fled to thee. Teach us to do thy will,
for thou art our God. Let thy good Spirit lead us in the right way.
O God, our Father and Savior, who of thy goodness has watched over
us during the past night, and brought us to this day, grant also
that we may spend it wholly in thy service. Let us not think, or
say, or do a single thing that does not tend to thy service and
submission to thy will, that thus all our actions may aim in the
glory of thy name and the salvation of our brethren. And as thou
do give the light of the sun to this world, so enlighten our minds
and hearts by thy Spirit that he may guide us in the way of thy
To whatever purpose we apply our minds, may the end and the intention
be thy honor and service. May we expect happiness only from thy
goodness. Let us not attempt anything, O God, that is not pleasing
to thee. Grant us also, Lord, that while we labor for the maintenance
of this life and its concerns, we may raise our minds above them
to the blessed and heavenly life, which thou hast promised to thy
Be please also, in manifesting thyself to us as our Protector, to
strengthen us against the assaults of the devil, and deliver us
from all the dangers which continually beset us in this life. But
seeing it is a small thing to have begun well unless we also persevere,
we entreat thee, O Lord, to be our Guide and Directors not only
for this day for the days of our lives. Increase the gifts of thy
grace until we wholly adhere to thy Son Jesus Christ, who is the
true Sun lighting our minds. IN order that we may obtain from thee
these great and manifold blessings, forget, and out of thy infinite
mercy, forgive our offenses, as thou has promised that thou will
do to those who call upon thee with a sincere heart. Through Jesus
Christ, our Savior. Amen. (20)
5. Confession of Sin
Almighty and most merciful Father, we have erred and
strayed from thy ways like lost sheep. We have followed too much
the devices and desires of our own hearts. We have offended against
thy holy laws. We have left undone those things which we ought to
have done and we have done those things which we ought not to have
done; and there is no health in us.
But thou, O Lord, have mercy upon us, miserable offenders. Spare
thou those who confess their faults. Restore thou those who are
penitent; according to thy promises declared unto mankind in Christ
Jesus, our Lord. And grant, O most merciful Father, for His sake,
that we may hereafter live a godly, righteous, and sober life; To
the glory of thy holy Name. Amen. [Thomas Cranmer, Prayerbook of
the Church of England, 1549 edition.]
6. What Hope Is (Calvin's Catechism)
Hope is nothing else than the expectation of the things that faith
has believed to be promised by God. Faith believes God tells the
truth; Hope expects God will demonstrate his truthfulness at the
opportune time. Faith believes God to be our Father; Hope expects
He will always act as such toward us. Faith believes eternal life
to be given to us; Hope expects that it shall be revealed at some
time. Faith is the foundation on which Hope rests; Hope nourishes
and maintains Faith. Because no one can expect and hope anything
from God, except he or she will have first believed his promises.
On the other hand, it is necessary that our feeble faith be sustained
(lest we grow weary and fail). So patient hope and expectation keep
7.Hinnunter ist der Sonnen Schein
Sunk is the sun's last beam of light,
And now the world is swapt in night,
Christ, light us with Thy heavenly ray,
Nor let our feet in darkness sway.
Thanks, Lord, that Thou throughout the day
Has kept all grief and harm away;
That angels tarried round about
Our coming in and going out.
Whate'er of wrong we've done or said,
Let not the charge on us be laid;
That, though Thy free forgiveness blest,
In peaceful slumber we may rest.
Thy guardian angels round us place,
All evil from our couch to chase;
Our soul and body, while we sleep,
In safety, gracious Father, keep. Amen.
- Nicholas Herman, 1560 (44)
8. Calvin's Evening Prayer
O Lord God, who has given man the night for rest,
as thou has created the day for his work, we ask thee to give our
bodies a night of rest that our minds may awake to thee and our
hearts be always full of thy love. Let us never forget thee, O Lord,
nor thy goodness. Let the remembrance of thy mercy be always engraven
on our minds.
Grant that our sleep may not be an indulgence but only serve to
strengthen us that we may be more alert in thy service. Be pleased
to keep us chaste in body and mind and safe from all temptations
and dangers that our sleep may turn to the glory of thy name. But
since this day has not passed away without our having in many ways
offended thee through the proneness to evil, just as all things
are now covered by the darkness of the night, so, O Lord, let everything
that is sinful in us lie buried in thy mercy; Through Jesus Christ
our Lord. Amen. (20)
9. O Lux, beata Trinitas
O Light, O Trinity, most blest!
True God, supreme and ever blest!
As now the sun of day departs,
Outpour Thy beams upon our hearts.
To Thee at morning our hymns we praise,
At evening offer prayer and praise;
And Thou our glorious theme shall be;
Now and through all eternity.
As darkness deepens, Lord, do Thou
A night of quiet rest bestows;
From all our sins grant us release,
And bless us with Thy perfect peace.
- Ambrose, Luther, 1543 (45)
1. A Table Prayer of Luther
The eyes of all wait upon thee, O Lord: and thou gives
them their meat in due season. Thou open thine hand, and satisfy
the desire of every living thing.
[Then shall be said the Lord's Prayer and after this
O Lord God, heavenly Father, bless unto us these
thy gifts, which of thy tender kindness thou has bestowed upon us,
through Jesus Christ, our Lord. Amen.
2. A Table Prayer of Luther
O give thanks unto the Lord, for he is good: for
his mercy endures forever. He gives food to all flesh: He gives
to the beast his food, and to the young ravens which cry. He delights
not in the strength of the horse; he takes not pleasure in the legs
of a man. The Lord takes pleasure in them that fear him, in those
that hope in his mercy.
We give thanks to thee, O God our Father, for all thy benefits,
through Jesus Christ our Lord, who with thee lives and reigns, forever
and ever. Amen. (43)
Prayers of Philip Melanchthon4
1. Almighty, eternal God, Father of our Lord Jesus
Christ, Creator of heaven and earth, and man, together with my thy
Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, thy word and image, and with thy Holy
Spirit, have mercy upon us, and forgive us our sins for thy Son's
sake, who thou hast made our Mediator according to thy wonderful
counsels, and do thou guide and sanctify us by thy Holy Spirit,
which was poured out upon the Apostles. Grant that we may truly
know and praise thee throughout all eternity!
2. O Almighty, Eternal God of Truth, . . . I confess
and I am deeply sorry that I am sinful and have so often sinned
against Thee. I implore Thee to forgive me all my sins, be gracious
unto me, and justify me for thy beloved Son's sake, whom thou didst
decree to be our Redeemer. With thy Holy Spirit purify my heart
and guide my soul that I may truly know, adore, and be obedient
unto Thee, O God of Truth, Eternal Father, Son and Holy Ghost .
These prayers, with exceptions noted, are taken from Prayers of the
Reformers, compiled by Clyde Manschreck. Muhlenburg Press, 1958, pp.
Almighty, eternal, everliving God of Truth, Maker of heaven and
earth, and Creator of men, together with thy eternal beloved Son,
our Lord Jesus Christ, who was crucified for us and raised for death,
and with thy Holy Spirit, everliving, pure and true: O God of wisdom
and goodness, mercy and justice: O Savior bountiful, righteous,
and faithful, through whom life and light are given: Thou hast said,
"I do not desire the death of a sinner, but that he be converted
and live," and "Call on me in time of trouble, and I will
deliver you :" To Thee do I confess myself a miserable sinner,
burdened with many iniquities, for I have greatly sinned against
thy holy commands, and I am heartily sorry that I have offended
thee. For the sake of they dear Son, have mercy on me, forgive me
all my sins, and make me righteous through Jesus Christ, my Lord,
thy Son, thy eternal Image and Word, whom though didst send into
the world to be for the world a Sacrifice, Mediator, Redeemer, Deliverer
and Savior, according to they wondrous wisdom and mercy which is
past our understanding. Sanctify me with thy holy, living Spirit
of purity and truth that through thy Spirit I may truly know thee
as the only God, the omnipotent Creator of heaven and earth and
men, the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ; that I may know thy Holy
Spirit of truth and purity, my living Comforter; that I may firmly
believe in thee, obey thee, give thanks to thee, reverently fear
and call upon thee, and come at last in joy to behold thy face and
worship thee forever. In thee, O Lord, do I put my trust; let me
never be ashamed. Deliver me through thy righteousness. Turn me,
O Lord, unto righteousness and eternal life. Thou hast redeemed
me, O Lord God of Truth!
Mercifully preserve and rule our churches, our country, our schools.
Give the blessings of peace and order. Direct and protect our leaders
and those in authority; gather unto thyself and forever keep a Christian
Church in this land. Purify and united us with thy Holy Spirit that
we may be one in thee, truly knowing and calling upon thee through
thy Son, our Lord, Jesus Christ, who tasted death on the cross for
us and rose again.
Almighty, eternal Son of God, our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ,
though who art the eternal Word and Image of the father, our Mediator
and Redeemer, who died for us and rose again, with all my heart
I give thee thanks, for thou didst take upon thyself the nature
of a man and became my Deliverer, didst suffer physical pain, didst
die and arise again. And now though art pleading for me. I beseech
thee, look graciously upon me and have mercy, for I am alone and
in need. I beseech thee, look graciously upon me and have mercy,
for I am alone and in need. Through thy Holy Spirit increase in
me the light of faith, help me to overcome my weakness; guide, protect
and make me pure. In thee do I put my trust, O Lord; let me never
Almighty, Holy Spirit of truth and purity, our living Comforter,
enlighten me, direct me, and sanctify me. Strengthen the faith in
my soul and heart, and grant me a sincere trust. Sustain and guide
me that I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the days of my
life, that I may see the will of the Lord, that I may forever be
in God's holy temple, and with a joyous heart give thanks unto him,
and in the assembly of his eternal church honor an praise him forever.
John Calvin, Instruction in Faith (1537). Translated with historical
foreword and critical and explanatory Notes by Paul T. Fuhrmann.
Philadelphia: Westminster, 1959, pp. 55-56.
4These prayers are taken from Clyde Leonard Manschreck,
Melanchthon: The Quiet Reformer. New York and Nashville: Abingdon
Press, 1958, pp. 308, 316.
3. A Prayer of Becon
5 This prayer was offered by Master Philip for the last time "on
19 April 1560, and after he had had his hair cut and had put on
three clean linen shirts, as was his custom. His fever mounted and
his feet remained cold. Audibly and fervently he prayed the prayer
he was in the custom of using" in his daily prayers. Ibid.,
For this thy bountiful goodness in feeding us at
this time, we heartily thank thee, most merciful Father, desiring
thee to feed our souls likewise with that meat which perishes not,
but abides into everlasting life; that we, being fed both in body
and soul at thy merciful hand, may do that always which is pleasant
in thy sight, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. Becon (21)
4. A Prayer of Becon
O heavenly Father and merciful God, which opening
thy hand replenishes all living creatures with thy blessing, and
gives meat to the hungry in due season, we acknowledge our meat
and drink to be thy gifts, prepared by thy fatherly providence to
be received of us from the comfort of our bodies with thanksgiving:
We most humbly ask thee to bless us and our food, and to give us
grace so to use these thy benefits, that we may be thankful to thee,
and liberal to our poor neighbors, through Jesus Christ our Lord.
Amen. Becon (21)
(The numbers correspond to the numbers given in parentheses
at the end of each prayer.)
1. Charles E. Kistler, Luther's Prayers, Betbuchlein (Reading, Pa.:
2. Martin Luthers Sammtliche Werke Erlangen). Vol. 56: 318, 320,
326, 332, 335, 338, 345, 347, 357f.
3. Corpus Reformatorum, Philippi Melanchthonis Opera, 28 vols.,
ed. By Bretschneider and Bindweil (1834-1860). 5, 541; 6, 458, 574,
611; 7, 1075; 8, 578, 776; 9, 158, 336, 747, 1055; 10, 116, 118,
284ff, 292, 628f, 644, 959, 984; 11, 708, 750, 763, 798, 854, 889,
907, 954, 1010, 1168f; 12, 100f, 350; 21, 866f; 23, lxxxviff, 68f,
74, 198, 255, 288, 338, 382, 557; 28, 422f, 450, 554, 566. Six of
these prayers appeared in Melanchthon: the Quiet Reformer, by Clyde
Manschreck (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1958). Used by permission
of the publisher.
4. Godly Prayers, mete to be used in these later times: Collected
out of the workes of that godly and reverende Father, Doctor Philip
Melanchthon and others (London: 1579). Tr. unknown.
5. John Calvin, Commentaries on the Prophet Jeremiah and Lamentations,
tr. John Owen.
6. John Calvin, Sermons on Job.
7. John Calvin, Commentaries on the Prophet Ezekiel, tr. Thomas
8. Nikolaus Decius, 1526. Tr. Catherine Winkworth, 1863.
9. Writings of John Knox (London: Religious Tract Society, n.d.).
10. Otho Wermullerus, "Hope of the Faithful" and "Treatise
on Death," in Writings and Translations of Bishop Coverdale
(Cambridge: Parker Society, 1841).
11. D. Martin Luthers Werke (Weimar, 1804- ), 2, 128; 10II, 430f;
12. Works of Martin Luther (Philadelphia Edition, Muhlenberg Press,
1915-1943), 6 vols.
13. Saxon Order of Duke Henry, 1539.
14. John Knox, Liturgy and The Form of Prayers (1556). Adapted.
15. Writings and Translations of Bishop Coverdale (Cambridge: Parker
16. John Calvin, Commentaries on the Prophet Daniel, tr. Thomas
17. Martin Luther, Latina litania Correcta, 1529; WA 30III, 29-42.
18. John Calvin, Sermons on Acts.
19. Thomas Cranmer, Miscellaneous Writings and Letters Cambridge:
Parker Society, 1846).
20. Ioannis Calvini, Opera, Corpus Reformatorum, Baum, Cunitz, &
21. Thomas Becon, Prayers and other Pieces (Cambridge: Parker Society,
22. Thomas Cranmer and his associates. These were prayers to replace
the petitions in the Missal of Sarum which had objectionable features
23. Austrian Church Order, 1571.
24. Martin Luther, Hymns, 1529.
25. F. A. Koethe, Philipp Melanchthons Werke (1829-1830), I-VI.
26. Luther D. Reed, The Lutheran Liturgy (Philadelphia: Muhlenberg
27. Martin Luther, Die Deutsche Litanei (1529).
28. John Calvin, Tracts, tr. H. Beveridge, 2 vols. (Edinburgh: Calvin
Translation Society, 1849).
29. John Calvin, Sermons on Matthew.
30. Brunswick-Luneburg, In die Pentecostes (1564).
31. Tr. Catherine Winkworth, 1858.
32. Leon and Elfrieda McCauley (eds.), The Book of Prayers (New
York: Crown Publishers, 1954).
33. Works of Nicholas Ridley (Cambridge: Parker Society, 1851).
34. Martin Luther, Taufbuchlein verdeutscht (1523).
35. Writings of John Jewell (London: n.d.).
36. William Tyndale, Doctrinal Treatises (Cambridge: Parker Society,
37. Church Order, Calenberg, 1569
38. Brandenburg-Nuremberg order of 1533.
39. From Von Himmel hoch da komm ich her, 1535. Trs. A. T. Russell
and Catherine Winkworth, 1848, 1855.
40. Pfalz. Gesangbuch, tr. Harriet Reynolds Spaeth, 1844.
41. Martin Luther, Samtliche Werke, ed. By J. G. Walch (Halle: 1739-53),
2, 404; 12, 1766.
42. Veit Dietrich, Agendbuchlein (1542).
43. Henry E. Jacobs (ed.), Book of Concord (Philadelphia, 1883(.
44. Nicolaus Herman, 1560. Tr. Frances Elizabeth Cox, 1841.
45. Martin Luther, 1543, adapted from Ambrose (Eng. Tr. by J. D.
46. Martin Luther, prayer based on Ps. 130 (1523). Tr. Catherine
47. Paul Eber, 1566, based on the hymn by Joachim Camerarius. Tr.
Catherine Winkworth, 1856.
48. Bucer, Consultation, 1543. Based on Luther's Taufbuchlein verdeutscht
49. Martin Luther, Das Taufbuchlein (1526).
50. Luneburg Church Order, 1564.
51. Martin Luther, Hymns (1524), tr. A. Russell.
52. Martin Luther, Erfurt Enchiridion, 1524
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